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MTO 222E - Hidroloji

Dersin Amaçları

Hydrology is the study of physical processes.
Atmospheric processes: cloud condensation, precipitation
Surface processes: snow accumulation, overland flow, river flow, lake storage
Subsurface processes: infiltration, soil-water storage, groundwater flow
Interfacial processes: evaporation, transpiration, sediment-water exchange
Understanding the hydrologic cycle is essential for:
-sustainable agriculture (foods for the growing population)
-environmental protection and management
-water resources development and management
-prevention and control of natural disasters
-mitigation of the negative impacts of climatic change
The hydrologic cycle appears to be controlled by climatic conditions (rain, snow, wind, etc.), but there are strong feed-back mechanisms between hydrological and meteorological processes. Poor representation of hydrological processes has been one of the stumbling blocks for global-climate modeling.

Dersin Tanımı

The science that describes and predicts the occurrence, circulation and distribution of the earth’s water. There are two principal foci:

The global hydrologic cycle: Transfers of water between the land, ocean and atmosphere

The land phase of the hydrologic cycle: The movement of water on and under the land surface, physical and chemical interactions with earth materials accompanying that movement, and the biological processes that conduct of affect that movement.

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Dersin Dili
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