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MTO 222E - Hydrology

Course Objectives

Hydrology is the study of physical processes.
Atmospheric processes: cloud condensation, precipitation
Surface processes: snow accumulation, overland flow, river flow, lake storage
Subsurface processes: infiltration, soil-water storage, groundwater flow
Interfacial processes: evaporation, transpiration, sediment-water exchange
Understanding the hydrologic cycle is essential for:
-sustainable agriculture (foods for the growing population)
-environmental protection and management
-water resources development and management
-prevention and control of natural disasters
-mitigation of the negative impacts of climatic change
The hydrologic cycle appears to be controlled by climatic conditions (rain, snow, wind, etc.), but there are strong feed-back mechanisms between hydrological and meteorological processes. Poor representation of hydrological processes has been one of the stumbling blocks for global-climate modeling.

Course Description

The science that describes and predicts the occurrence, circulation and distribution of the earth’s water. There are two principal foci:

The global hydrologic cycle: Transfers of water between the land, ocean and atmosphere

The land phase of the hydrologic cycle: The movement of water on and under the land surface, physical and chemical interactions with earth materials accompanying that movement, and the biological processes that conduct of affect that movement.

Course Coordinator
Sevinç Asilhan
Course Language
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